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What is gum disease?

What is gum disease?

Gum disease affects the structures supporting your teeth and it causes inflammation and swelling of the gums. In severe cases it causes damage to the bone and ligaments that hold your teeth in place and lead to loss of teeth.

 

Types of Gum Disease

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is most commonly caused by plaque build-up on your teeth. This occurs when plaque has not been regularly cleared from your teeth. This can irritate your gums and cause them to become red, swollen and can bleed when you brush your teeth. Over time the plaque will become harder and turns into tartar which can cause further irritation and possibly infection.

Regular cleaning can clear the problem, but if untreated it can lead to more serious problems.

Periodontitis

This is the next stage on from gingivitis, the inflammation can spread to the ligaments and bones holding your teeth in place. The gums may begin to pull away from the teeth leaving exposed pockets into which more plaque forms which then cannot be reached with brushing alone. It can expose the roots of the teeth making them extremely sensitive and eventually this can lead to tooth loss.

Caught early enough it can be treated however it can often not be fully cured. You will then be in the maintenance phase.

 

Symptoms of gum disease

Gum disease is not always painful meaning you may not know you have it. Therefore it is important to attend regular check-ups with your dentist and maintain good oral hygiene at all times.

The first signs of gingivitis are:

  • Bleeding gums when you brush your teeth
  • Red and swollen gums

If this has progressed on to periodontitis then you may have:

  • Bad breath (halitosis)
  • A bad taste in your mouth
  • Gum recession and sensitivity
  • Wobbly or loose teeth
  • Gum abscesses

Treatment of gum disease

The treatment you receive will depend upon the severity of the gum disease you are experiencing. At Hydean Dental Practice we have an in-house Hygienist who will help treat any gum disease.

Plaque and tartar will be cleared from your teeth and gums often using an ultrasonic cleaning device which cleans your teeth far more effectively than any toothbrush could.

 

Remember prevention is the key

Here at Hydean Dental Practice we focus on promoting good oral hygiene to help prevent the onset of gum disease.

 

 

Teeth whitening

Teeth whitening

Teeth whitening has become very popular in recent years and is an effective way to lighten your teeth.

The benefits of teeth whitening

Teeth whitening is a relatively cheap and time-efficient way of obtaining a new look and boosting your self-confidence. It is a painless procedure and it can bring back the natural, lighter colour of your teeth without causing any structural changes. It is entirely safe and legal as long as it is provided by a dentist.

Please bear in mind

When whitening your teeth, be warned that fillings and crowns will not be whitened.

How does teeth whitening work?

Whitening substances usually use hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide, to penetrate your enamel and access the discoloured molecules in your teeth. Done correctly, and if the you take proper care of your teeth, the effects can last several years.

Whitening your teeth at home

Here at Hydean Dental Practice we use home teeth whitening, where the gel is placed in a custom-made tray. You wear this tray for several weeks, which will whiten your teeth over time. You wear the trays for anything between 60 minutes to overnight. Before using tray-based whitening, we will examine your teeth to see if they are healthy and ready for teeth whitening.

Eating and drinking

Whilst whitening your teeth, good oral hygiene is clearly important, watching what you eat or drink is just as critical. Red wine, sports drinks, tea and coffee, soft drinks and curries are just some of the foods that can cause staining of your teeth and diminish the effects of teeth whitening.

 

For further advice on teeth whitening, contact us here at Hydean Dental Practice and we can see you for a free consultation. We are now also able to offer this virtually.

The difference between a Dentist and an Orthodontist

The difference between a Dentist and an Orthodontist

Here at Hydean Dental Practice we have an Orthodontist who caries out teeth straightening. If you have ever wondered the difference between an Orthodontist and Dentist then please read on.

Dentistry is a broad speciality which deals with teeth, gums, nerves and the jaw while orthodontics is a speciality within dentistry that looks at correcting bites and the alignment of teeth.

Similarities?

The main similarity is they both focus on oral care an they are both fully qualified to provide you oral healthcare at an equally high standard.

Differences?

All orthodontists are qualified dentists first. It then takes at least another three years of training after dentistry to become an orthodontist. Special training is required to learn the skills to manage tooth movement (orthodontics) and guide facial development.

Orthodontists limit their scope of work only to orthodontics since they are uniquely qualified in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of tooth alignment problems. They dedicate their professional lives to creating healthy, beautiful smiles in children, teens and adults. Orthodontists use a variety of “appliances,” including fixed metal braces, clear aligners (such as Invisalign), functional appliances and retainers, to move teeth or hold them in their new positions.

What can an orthodontist help me with that a dentist can’t?

If you have crooked teeth, it is usually advisable to go see your dentist first but they will usually refer you to an orthodontist. Orthodontists have experience in misaligned teeth. They use their knowledge and skills to help you achieve the best results possible.

They can help with underbites, overbites, crossbites, gaps in your teeth, and overcrowded teeth.

Further information can be found on the British Orthodontic Society.

What do I do if I want to see an orthodontist?

You can call us here at Hydean Dental Practice and arrange a private consultation with you and our specialist orthodontist as soon as possible.
He will discuss your concerns, your possible treatment and decide on the best course of action for you.

If you wish to see an Orthodontist in Stevenage, please call us on 01438351548 or email info@hydeandental.com.

Further Information regarding Orthodontic treatment using Invisalign can be found here.

 

Are you considering Dental Implants?

Are you considering Dental Implants?

If you are looking into dental implants in Stevenage then come and see us at Hydean Dental Practice.

Missing teeth can affect not only your smile, but other aspects of your life as well – such as your self-confidence. Dental implants at Hydean Dental Practice have made a huge difference to our patients’ lives. We have seen many success stories with patients who have been suffering with missing teeth or uncomfortable dentures. For them, having dental implants is like getting their natural teeth back.

 

Problems that arise from missing teeth

A single gap in your teeth may have an impact on how the rest of your teeth bite down and work together.

You may find that you suffer from ‘drifting’, where the neighbouring teeth lean or tilt over into the missing space. Our teeth tend to naturally move toward the front of our mouths without the presence of surrounding teeth to keep them in place. Drifting increases the likelihood of food getting trapped in the spaces, which can lead to gum disease. It can also affect your bite, allowing your opposing teeth to move causing them to bite down in areas they did not used to.

In addition to this, once teeth are removed from your jaw, the supporting bone has the tendency to shrink. This process begins as soon as the tooth is lost and progresses over time, meaning that both the height and width of your bone will be compromised. In time, this bone loss becomes visually apparent and can have an impact on your appearance.

 

What you can do about your missing teeth

There are a number of ways to replace lost teeth, but over the years dental implants have become dentistry’s best overall option. They continue to be in very high demand for a variety of reasons. Implants are very strong, stable and long-lived, as long as you take good care of them.

They are also the most natural-looking alternative. All this is possible because the titanium implants have the remarkable ability to fuse to your jaw.

Dental implants also have the highest success rate of any tooth-replacement option. Here, at Hydean Dental Practice, we use Biohorizon’s Implant system. BioHorizons dental implants are clinically proven through some of the most thorough and in-depth research in the industry.

Are you worried about having dental Implants?

Dental implants are a surgical procedure, and as such, there are concerns and questions that patients like to have resolved before pressing forward. The main concern is the thought it may be painful. The entire procedure is conducted under anaesthesia, meaning that you will be numb throughout. You might feel a vibrating sensation while the work is being done, and though this might feel slightly odd, it will not be painful or uncomfortable in the slightest.

 

Are dental implants right for you?

If you are interested in dental implants and are in good general health and have healthy gums, then chances are dental implants are a suitable treatment for you. We can give you a definitive answer when you come in to see us.

The first step is to come for a consultation so we can take x-rays of your jaw and check the condition of the bone.

If you would like to book an appointment, please call us on 01438351548 or email info@hydeandental.com.

Further information can be found here, or through the Oral Health Foundation.

What is Composite bonding?

What is Composite bonding?

If you are looking for composite bonding in Stevenage, then we can help. Come and see one of our dentists for a free consultation.

Composite bonding is a cosmetic treatment where composite resin (white filling material), is shaped and moulded onto your teeth to give the appearance of a straighter, whiter smile. It can be used as a cosmetic solution for chipped teeth, gapped teeth and discolouration in teeth.

It also doesn’t involve damage or drilling down of the teeth. The bonding treatment is completed in a single appointment.

Who can have Composite Bonding?

Composite bonding is not for everyone. If your smile is crooked as the result of an over or underbite, this treatment will not serve to correct it. In these cases, straightening the teeth before can give a better result. Bonding is primarily for those who seek a cosmetic solution for teeth that are otherwise healthy and well aligned. A common treatment is to have Invisalign prior to bonding to straighten the teeth first.

What is involved?

At the initial cosmetic consultation, we discuss what alterations you wish to make and we can carry out a direct mock up on your teeth to show you what the new shapes would look like. This is a great way to see what the final result would look like. Our Dentist may also take pictures of your teeth to help plan the treatment.

During the bonding appointment we carefully handcraft and layer the composite to mimic the shapes and textures of your natural teeth as closely as possible. Bonding is a pain free treatment and you will not need any injections.

What Aftercare is Needed?

Composite bonding requires maintenance so you’ll need to see your dentist for regular check-ups and hygiene visits. The surface may need re-polishing to maintain the lustre and shine.

How Long does composite bonding last for?

It generally lasts for 5-7 years before it needs to be replaced. For people who grind their teeth, it will have a shorter lifespan. Composite bonding is easy to repair if it chips and straightforward to replace if required.

Further information can be found here.

If you are interested in having composite bonding in Stevenage you can book in with one of our Dentists by calling 01438351548.

 

 

Which toothbrush should I buy?

Which toothbrush should I buy?

How to choose the right toothbrush

 

We highly recommend good dental hygiene to our patients. Not only do healthy teeth and gums prevent oral problems appearing, they are also crucial for our wellbeing, since gum disease is linked to all kinds of issues such as diabetes and heart disease.

Choosing the right toothbrush plays a vital role in keeping your teeth and gums in good condition. However, with so many types for sale these days, many people who come to us mention that it can be difficult to decide which one is the most suitable.

Below are a few tips to help you decide:

 

Bristles

Toothbrushes, whether manual or electric, are made of nylon bristles than come in a range of soft, medium and hard bristles. The hard variety can tend to cause your gums to shrink if too much pressure is applied. There is also the risk that if you brush over-enthusiastically, you could damage your teeth enamel. On the other hand, very soft bristles might not tackle plaque effectively, so it is recommended to usually to go for medium.

 

Design

We generally recommend a smaller head for your toothbrush, since it will be able to get to hard to reach places in your mouth more easily.

When it comes to the handle, you want to make sure the handle fits comfortably in your hand so you can get a good grip to brush your teeth effectively. It should be easy to manoeuvre and preferably have a non-slip surface.

 

Manual vs Electric

Both types are acceptable provided they are used effectively.

The good thing about the manual toothbrush is that it comes in a larger variety than many of the electric toothbrushes and you get more options including large, standard or small heads with soft, medium or hard bristles along with a handy tongue cleaning option.

Electric toothbrushes are useful if you have limited movement or find cleaning particularly difficult. These toothbrushes usually have heads which either rotate and oscillate, or pulsate. Also, one of the best features of an electric toothbrush is the timer. Most people do not brush for the recommended two minutes. An electric brush will help you get the optimum brushing time. Some modern electric toothbrushes also have built-in sensors, which will flash red or stop working, if you impart too much force, which is useful.

Further information can be found here.

Ultimately though, the right choice between the two will come down to what you feel most comfortable with, providing you are thorough with your dental hygiene.

One final point to know is that whether you choose a manual or electric toothbrush, it is important to replace them (the electric ones you can buy new heads to fit onto the handle) at least every three months. This is important to ensure the toothbrush remains effective at cleaning your teeth.

If you are still unsure as to what would be the perfect toothbrush for you as an individual, why not make an appointment at Hydean Dental Practice and we can advised what is best for you.